Understanding Bloom’s Taxonomy

Boom’s Taxonomy was developed by Benjamin Bloom to provide categories of thinking skills that help educators formulate questions and provoke learners with different levels of thinking to stimulate their learning. The six thinking skills are:

Bloom's Taxonomy | Center for Teaching | Vanderbilt University

Example learning objectives and activities for each thinking skills:

  • Remember/Knowledge
    • Learning objectives – By the end of the lesson, students will be able to label different parts of the human brain, list various kinds of loops in javascript.
    • Activities – memorize a poem, recall state capitals or remember math formulas.
  • Understand/Comprehension
    • Learning objectives – By the end of this lesson, students will be able to recognize different types of number sequences, distinguish between mass and weight.
    • Activities – Organize the animal kingdom based on a given framework, illustrate the difference between a rectangle and square, summarize the plot of a simple story.
  • Apply/Application
    • Learning objectives – By the end of this lesson, students will be able to compute their annual pocket money using this mathematical formula, use this accounting software for their annual family budget, demonstrate how to work in a diverse culture.
    • Activities – Use a formula to solve a problem, select a design to meet a purpose, reconstruct the passage of a new law through a given government/system
  • Analyse/Analysis
    • Learning objectives – By the end of this lesson, students will be able to differentiate between static and relative positioning, compare and contrast warm and cold-blooded animals, analyze how leaves change colors during the fall season.
    • Activities – Identify the ‘parts of’ democracy, explain how the steps of the scientific process work together, identify why a machine isn’t working.
  • Evaluate/Evaluation
    • Learning objectives – By the end of this lesson, students will be able to assess the environmental impact of coal mining, appraise the practice of social media advertising in business, defend their proposed solutions.
    • Activities – make a judgment regarding an ethical dilemma, interpret the significance of a given law of physics, illustrate the relative value of a technological innovation in a specific setting—a tool that helps recover topsoil farming, for example.
  • Create/Synthesis
    • Learning objectives – By the end of this lesson, students will be able to develop an application for the Google play store, create financial statements in MS Excel, come up with the innovative ideas to tackle climate change.
    • Activities – design a new solution to an ‘old’ problem that honors/acknowledges the previous failures, delete the least useful arguments in a persuasive essay, write a poem based on a given theme and tone.

Let’s apply Bloom’s taxonomy to a popular topic to develop questioning:

Goldilocks & the Three Bears

Remember/Knowledge – Who was the biggest bear? What food was too hot?

Understand/Comprehension – Why didn’t the bear eat the porridge? Why did the bear leave their house?

Apply/Application – List the sequence of events in the story. Draw 3 pictures showing the beginning, middle and ending of the story.

Analyse/Analysis – Why do you think Goldilocks went for a sleep? How would you feel if you were Baby Bear? What kind of person do you think Goldilocks is and why?

Evaluate/Evaluation – Write a review for the story and specify the type of audience that would enjoy the book. Why has this story been told repeatedly throughout the years? Act out a mock court case as though the bears are taking Goldilocks to court.

Create/Synthesis – How could you re-write this story in a different setting such as a city or a foreign country? Write a set of rules to prevent what happened in the story.

More examples of Bloom’s taxonomy used to develop learning:

Schrock's Guide- Revised Bloom's Taxonomy: PowerPoint ...
Source – https://www.schrockguide.net/bloomin-apps.html
Pin on Education
Source – https://www.pinterest.com.au/pin/78250112252315481/
22 Ways To Use Twitter For Learning Based On Bloom's Taxonomy
Source – https://www.teachthought.com/technology/22-ways-to-use-twitter-for-learning-based-on-blooms-taxonomy/

Integration of Bloom’s taxonomy in activities with digital tools:

Integrating Technology with Bloom's Taxonomy - TeachOnline
Source – https://teachonline.asu.edu/2016/05/integrating-technology-blooms-taxonomy/

Integration of Bloom’s taxonomy using G suite apps:

Source – https://www.schrockguide.net/bloomin-apps.html

Android Apps that support Bloom’s taxonomy:

Source – https://www.schrockguide.net/bloomin-apps.html

Online tools that support Bloom’s taxonomy:

Source – https://www.schrockguide.net/bloomin-apps.html

References (APA Style 7th edition):

TeachThought. (2021). What Is Bloom’s Taxonomy? A Definition For Teachers. Taken from What Is Bloom’s Taxonomy? A Definition For Teachers

Watson, S. (2019). Asking Better Questions With Bloom’s Taxonomy. Taken from https://www.thoughtco.com/asking-better-questions-with-blooms-taxonomy-3111327

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